The main causes of cavities by tooth decay and in the following, there is a process that occurs over time and how tooth decay starts.
Formation of plaque. Tooth plaque is a sticky layer that coats the teeth and is formed due to the consumption of a lot of sugar as well as starches. Well, bacterial begin feeding on sugar and starches when they are not cleaned off from the teeth. And plaque that stays on your teeth can harden under or above your gum line into tartar (calculus). Tartar makes plaque more difficult to remove and creates a shield for bacteria.
Plaque attacks. The acids in plaque remove minerals in your tooth's hard, outer enamel. This erosion causes small openings or holes in the enamel and the first stage of cavities. Once areas of enamel are worn away, the bacteria and acid can reach the next layer of your teeth, called dentin. This layer is softer than enamel and less resistant to the acid that caused due to plaque formation. Dentin has extremely small tubes that directly communicate with the nerve of the tooth causing sensitivity.
Continuation of destruction. The bacteria and to acid that is caused due to plaque formation, start the destruction of teeth, and then they move to the next part that is the inner tooth material known as pulp that is made of eth nerves and blood vessels. Due to this reason, the pulp gets swollen as well as irritated at the same time, and discomfort can even extend outside of the tooth root to the inner bone.
In the following, there are some tips for preventing tooth decay. It is very important to look after the teeth and must follow the solutions to make your oral health healthier to make your smile more attractive and beautiful.
• Eat nutritious and balanced meals and limit snacks. Avoid carbohydrates such as candy, pretzels, and chips, which can remain on the tooth surface. If sticky foods are eaten, brush your teeth soon afterward.
• Ask your dentist about dental sealants i.e. a plastic protective coating applied to the chewing surfaces of your back teeth (molars) to protect them from decay.
• Ask your dentist about the use of supplemental fluoride, which strengthens your teeth.
• Drink fluoridated water. At least a pint of fluoridated water each day is needed to protect children from tooth decay.
• Must visit dentist Munich center for professional cleanings and oral exam.
• Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste. Preferably, brush after each meal and especially before going to bed.