Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. If you feel pain when brushing or notice bleeding gums, see your dentist and get periodontal treatment right away. It could save your smile.
Less severe periodontal disease starts with gingivitis or an inflammation of your gums. More severe periodontal disease is termed periodontitis. Treatment for periodontal disease varies depending on the severity of your symptoms.
Gum disease is caused by plaque — the filmy, sticky substance that forms on your teeth after meals. It forms when normal bacteria present in your mouth interact with starches and sugars in food. If plaque isn’t removed by daily brushing and flossing, it builds up and eventually turns into hard tartar, which is difficult to remove outside the dentist’s office.
When tartar builds up, it irritates and inflames your gums. The bacteria start affecting the surrounding structures, leading to your symptoms. If early gingivitis isn’t treated or you don’t keep up a healthy cleaning habit, you may develop severe periodontitis, which requires more invasive periodontal treatments, including even surgery. Other complications include tooth loss, systemic infection and trench mouth.
A Quick Diagnosis
Treatment for periodontal disease can vary from at-home remedies prescribed by your dentist to invasive surgery. It depends on how far your condition has progressed. But first, your Sunday dentist must confirm the diagnosis.
After reviewing your dental and medical history for causative and risk factors, he performs a comprehensive exam of your teeth, gums, tongue and cheeks to look for plaque and signs of infection. Then he measures the pocket depth between your teeth and gums because inflamed, diseased gums start to recede from your teeth. One to three millimeters is normal, while anything more than four millimeters means an infection.
Your dentist open Saturday may also recommend a medical evaluation for underlying conditions like diabetes mellitus or heart disease. If your symptoms suggest severe periodontal disease, you need periodontal treatment.
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Park Avenue Smiles
169 Park Ave,
Yonkers, NY 10703
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