Dental implants are a popular solution for replacing lost teeth but require a strong jawbone foundation. When jawbone loss has occurred, a dental bone graft is often necessary before implant placement. A dental bone graft is a surgical procedure that adds bone to the jaw. Grafting may be necessary if there is insufficient bone to support a dental implant. Bone grafts can be performed using bone from the patient’s body or a donor.
What Is a Dental Bone Graft?
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that adds density and volume to the jawbone in areas where the bone may be naturally thinner or where bone loss has occurred. Bone grafts are often used to prepare the jaw for dental implants.
There are three main types of bone grafts:
Autogenous bone graft: The bone grafting material can be taken from another site in your body, known as an autogenous graft. The advantage of having this type of graft is that your body will readily accept it, and it should integrate well with your jawbone, but it does mean an additional procedure to harvest the bone from a suitable site.
Allograft or Xenograft bone graft: Alternatively, bone can be sourced from a donor, human (allograft) or animal (xenograft). It is quite usual to use donor bone, and there is no need to worry as the bone is treated and sterilized extensively to ensure it is completely safe for use.
Alloplast: Another alternative is to have a synthetic bone graft material, and this type of graft is called an alloplast. Synthetic bone grafting materials are extremely sophisticated and can often contain growth mediums to encourage your bone to deposit new bone cells onto the graft.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment is a treatment that uses platelets from your own blood to promote healing. PRP can be used in conjunction with bone grafting to help the bone graft heal faster and promote better tissue regeneration.
How bone grafting works
During a bone grafting procedure, your surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue and expose the jawbone. The surgeon will then place the bone graft material in the area where bone needs to be added. The bone graft will provide a scaffold for your own bone cells to grow onto.
Once the bone graft is in place, the surgeon will close the incision with sutures. The bone graft will need to heal for several months before dental implants can be placed.
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Teaneck, Paramus, Hackensack, Fair Lawn, Bergenfield, New Milford, Oradell, Englewood, Tenafly
07605, 07666, 07653, 07601, 07602, 07603, 07606, 07644, 07410, 07621, 07628, 07670, 07646, 07630, 07649, 07631
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Riverside Oral Surgery
130 Kinderkamack Rd #204
River Edge, NJ 07661