Plaque is the soft and sticky mass of bacteria that forms and build up on the surfaces of your teeth.If they are not removed, they can harden to become tartar and can cause cavities and gum disease. Plaque can cause inflammation and irritation to the gums around your teeth which can lead to gingivitis, bad breath and eventually to periodontal disease.
Plaque can be removed with good oral hygiene, brush your teeth at least twice a day, gargle with mouthwash, and floss daily. But when it is already become hardened tartar, it must be removed by a dentist or a dental hygienist. Plaque begins when foods with sugars and starch are left on your teeth. Acids will be produced when the bacteria feeds on these food debris in your mouth, these acids in turn will cause tooth decay and destruction of the bones that supports the tooth. This situation will increase by many folds if the person does not give importance on dental hygiene.
Ways to prevent dental plaque build-up:
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