June 09, 2013
A painful wrist disorder caused by compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel of the wrist. It can be caused by poor posture and continuously pinch gripping an instrument without resting the muscles. Forced manual instrumentation, working with vibrating tools, bending the hand up, down or from side to side at the wrist can also cause Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
The symptoms are numbness, tingling, paresthesia and pain in the index, thumb and middle fingers. The numbness occurs during the night because the wrists are flexed at that time. If the carpal tunnel syndrome is not treated for a long time can cause nerve damage associated with muscle atrophy, weakness of palmar abduction and constant numbness.
The treatment includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, wrist braces, splints and surgery.
More information about the pathophysiology, physiotherapy and prognosis of the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome you can find in the Wikipedia page.