Wisdom teeth form towards the rear of the gums and are the last teeth to emerge. The majority of the people have four wisdom teeth (one in each corner of the mouth).
Wisdom teeth usually grow through the gums during the late teens or early twenties, by this time, the other 28 teeth are usually in place. So, there is not always enough room for the wisdom tooth in the mouth to grow properly.
Because of the lack of space, wisdom teeth can sometimes emerge at an angle and get stuck or can only grow partially. Wisdom teeth that form like this are known as impacted.
What is wisdom tooth removal?
Wisdom tooth removal is also known as tooth extraction. Which is a common dental procedure. Dentists may recommend this treatment to preserve your oral health and protect your other teeth from possible issues in future.
Your wisdom teeth, also called third morals are in the rear of the gums of the mouth. Typically, they develop between the ages of 17 to 25.
Wisdom teeth removal, also known as third molar extraction, is a common dental procedure. It involves the removal of the third molars, which typically erupt between the ages of 17 and 25. Many people undergo this procedure due to various reasons, such as impaction, misalignment, or congested space in the mouth. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the process of wisdom teeth removal, from pre-surgery preparations to post-operative care and recovery.
Wisdom teeth may become impacted, meaning they are trapped in the jawbone or gums. This can cause pain, swelling, and potential damage to surrounding teeth.
Misalignment can be one of the reasons for the development of wisdom teeth. As it may grow at an angle, pressing against adjacent teeth. This can lead to crowding, shifting, or damage to the alignment of the existing teeth.
In many cases, the jaw does not have enough space to accommodate the eruption of wisdom teeth. This can result in overcrowding and misalignment of the teeth.
Difficulty in cleaning:
Due to their position at the back of the mouth, wisdom teeth are often challenging to clean properly. As a result, it encourages the potential risk of tooth decay, gum disease, oral infection and more.
Preparing for Wisdom Teeth Removal
As we have understood what wisdom teeth are, how can they develop and why is it necessary to remove them? Let us now throw some light on the preparation of wisdom teeth removal.
The foremost step to get prepared for wisdom teeth removal is to book an appointment with your nearest and best dentist who can conduct a proper and thorough dental assessment and assist you and recommend the treatment based on your oral condition involving your wisdom teeth.
This will be the best time for you to clarify your doubts or any queries related to your wisdom teeth removal process.
Medical history and medications:
At the time of dental assessment, It is quite significant to Inform the dentist about your medical history, including any existing health conditions and medications you are currently taking. So that, they can determine the most suitable anesthesia and plan for a safe procedure.
Discuss the anesthesia options with your dentist. Depending on your preferences and the complexity of the procedure, you may choose local anesthesia, IV sedation, or general anesthesia.
Ask your close one/friend/family to accompany you to the appointment and drive you home afterwards, especially if you opt for IV sedation or general anesthesia. Plan for time off work or school to allow for proper rest and recovery at home.
The Wisdom Teeth Removal Procedure
Well, this procedure typically takes about 45 minutes or less. For better understanding, I am demonstrating an overview below of what to expect during the teeth removal procedure.
The dentist will administer the chosen anesthesia to ensure your comfort during the procedure. Local anesthesia will numb the required area in the mouth, while IV sedation or general anesthesia may make you feel sleepy or drowsy.
Incisions and tooth extraction:
If necessary, the surgeon may make incisions in the gums or remove a portion of the jawbone to access the wisdom teeth. The teeth are then carefully extracted, potentially in sections to facilitate the process.
Wound closure and stitches:
After the extraction, the surgeon may need to stitch the incisions to promote proper healing. These stitches are typically dissolvable and do not require removal.
Gauze placement and recovery room:
Gauze pads will be placed over the extraction sites to control bleeding. Once the procedure is complete, you will be moved to a recovery room to monitor your vital signs until you are ready to go home.
However, It is important to note that each individual's experience may vary, and the oral surgeon will provide specific instructions based on your case.
Post-Surgery Care and Recovery
Proper post-operative care is crucial for a smooth recovery after wisdom teeth removal. Let’s explore some of the guidelines below to follow:
Bite down on the gauze pads placed over the extraction sites in order to prevent the flow of blood. Replace the gauze as necessary, and avoid rinsing or spitting forcefully to prevent dislodging blood clots.
Take any prescribed pain medication as directed by your dentist. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen can also help alleviate discomfort. Apply ice packs to the cheeks for the first 24 hours to slow down and melt down swelling.
Gently brush your teeth, avoiding the extraction sites, starting from the second day after the procedure. Rinse your mouth with warm saltwater or an antiseptic mouthwash as recommended by your oral surgeon to promote healing and eliminate the risk of infection.
Stick to a soft or liquid diet for the first few days, gradually reintroducing solid foods as tolerated. Avoid hot, spicy, or hard foods that may irritate the extraction sites. Drink plenty of water, and have juicy and pulpy drinking elements to stay hydrated.
Rest and recovery:
Take it easy for the first few days after the surgery. Avoid strenuous activities and exercise that can increase bleeding or disrupt the healing process. Use extra pillows to prop up your head while resting to minimize swelling.
Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your dentist to keep track of your healing progress, remove any unnecessary stitches, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.
Possible Complications and When to Seek Help
However, it is rare to have complications after wisdom teeth removal, so it’s important to be aware of potential pain points. Contact your dentist immediately if you experience any of the following:
Excessive bleeding that does not subside with gauze pressure.
Severe or worsening pain that is not relieved by prescribed medication.
Signs of infection, such as fever, pus, or a foul odor coming from the extraction sites.
Prolonged numbness or tingling in the lips, tongue, or chin, which may indicate nerve damage.
Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Persistent swelling or inflammation that worsens over time.
Your dentist who treated you is best equipped to evaluate your symptoms and provide appropriate guidance or treatment.
Recovery Timeline and Returning to Normal Activities
Usually, the recovery period after wisdom teeth removal varies from person to person. However, we can expect a tentative recovery timeline as below.
First few days:
Swelling and discomfort are most significant during the first few days after the surgery. Follow the post-operative care instructions, take prescribed medications, and rest as much as possible.
Swelling and bruising should begin to subside, and any residual pain or discomfort should gradually improve. Consequently, we suggest our patients stick to a soft diet and continue practicing good oral hygiene.
Most of the patients' experience emphasized improvement in symptoms and are able to resume their normal activities within two weeks. However, complete healing may take several weeks or months.
Wisdom teeth removal is a common dental procedure that aims to prevent potential oral health issues associated with impacted or misaligned third molars. By following pre-surgery preparations, undergoing the extraction procedure, and practising proper post-operative care, patients can ensure a smooth recovery and minimize the potential risk involved.
If you’re also suffering from any such issues related to your wisdom teeth, do not wait until it turns into a severe dental issue, book an appointment now and visit the best dentist in prosper, Texas USA.